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Company Statements

Gilead Announces New Arm of HIV Women’s Prevention Study to Evaluate the Investigational Long-Acting HIV-1 Capsid Inhibitor Lenacapavir in Addition to Descovy for PrEP®

Foster City, Calif., December 21, 2020 – Gilead recently announced the addition of a new study arm to the Women’s HIV Prevention Study evaluating the use of lenacapavir, the company’s investigational, long-acting HIV-1 capsid inhibitor, as an injectable PrEP option administered every six months. The planned trial in adolescent girls and young women will also evaluate the use of oral HIV prevention options Descovy (emtricitabine 200 mg/tenofovir alafenamide 25 mg) for PrEP® and Truvada (emtricitabine 200 mg and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 300 mg tablets; F/TDF) for PrEP®.

The Women’s HIV Prevention Study is being developed in partnership with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and with input from community stakeholders and advocates on best practices for recruitment and implementation. Using an innovative trial design, its primary objectives are to evaluate the efficacy of lenacapavir for PrEP and Descovy for PrEP in adolescent girls and young women at risk of HIV infection, and to estimate the HIV background incidence rate (bHIV) within the regions the trial is being conducted as a control arm.

“We recognize the urgent need for cisgender women to be better represented in HIV clinical trials given the rapid and disproportionate rate of HIV acquisition in this population,” said Diana Brainard, MD, Senior Vice President and Virology Therapeutic Area Head, Gilead Sciences, during a presentation at IDWeek2020. “We are pleased to have aligned with the FDA on a study design to not only examine the use of Truvada and Descovy as potential prevention strategies in cisgender women, but also to start the first-ever trial for use of a six-month dosed long-acting injectable as an HIV prevention method in cisgender women. The trial design is rooted in our belief that science is better when everyone has a seat at the table and reflects a truly collaborative approach with global stakeholders who are uniquely positioned to understand the needs of their local communities.”

Gilead is conducting the Women’s HIV Prevention Study in Sub-Saharan Africa and will initiate enrollment of cisgender adolescent girls and young women at multiple sites in Uganda and South Africa. Gilead is collaborating with regulatory authorities, Ministry of Health officials, and the HIV scientific and advocacy leadership in these communities on key elements of the study, including site selection, recruitment, protocol development, and ongoing study management.

In addition to the Women’s HIV Prevention Study, Dr. Brainard announced the men who have sex with men (MSM) and persons of trans experience lenacapavir for PrEP study, which is exploring sites in a number of countries including South Africa and the U.S., to be conducted in parallel with a similar trial initiation of mid-late 2021.

Lenacapavir is an investigational agent that is also being developed as a component of a long-acting regimen in combination with other antiretroviral agents for treatment of HIV-1 infection. In May 2019, the FDA granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation for the development of lenacapavir for the treatment of HIV-1 infection in heavily treatment-experienced patients with multi-drug resistance in combination with other antiretroviral drugs. The safety, efficacy and dosing of lenacapavir are being evaluated in multiple ongoing clinical studies. Data presented at AIDS 2020 from the ongoing Phase 1 study support subcutaneous every-six-month administration of lenacapavir for both HIV treatment and prevention. Lenacapavir is an investigational compound and is not approved by any regulatory authority for any use and its safety and efficacy are not known.

For information about the approved uses and important safety information for Descovy (emtricitabine and tenofovir alafenamide; 200/25 mg), and Truvada (emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate; 200/300 mg), please see the full Prescribing Information including BOXED WARNINGS, available at Gilead.com.

Please see below for U.S. Indications and Important Safety Information, including Boxed Warnings, for Biktarvy®, Descovy for PrEP® and Truvada for PrEP®.

There is no cure for HIV or AIDS.

U.S. Indication for Descovy for PrEP®

DESCOVY for PrEP is indicated in at-risk adults and adolescents (≥35 kg) to reduce the risk of sexually acquired HIV-1 infection, excluding individuals at risk from receptive vaginal sex. HIV-1–negative status must be confirmed immediately prior to initiation.

  • Limitation of Use: DESCOVY FOR PrEP is not indicated in individuals at risk of HIV-1 from receptive vaginal sex because effectiveness in this population has not been evaluated.

U.S. Important Safety Information for Descovy for PrEP®
BOXED WARNING: RISK OF DRUG RESISTANCE WITH USE OF DESCOVY FOR PrEP IN UNDIAGNOSED EARLY HIV-1 INFECTION and POST TREATMENT ACUTE EXACERBATION OF HEPATITIS B

  • DESCOVY FOR PrEP must be prescribed only to patients confirmed to be HIV negative immediately prior to initiation and at least every 3 months during use. Drug-resistant HIV-1 variants have been identified with use of emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (FTC/TDF) for HIV-1 PrEP following undetected acute HIV-1 infection. Do not initiate if signs or symptoms of acute HIV-1 infection are present unless HIV-negative status is confirmed
  • Severe acute exacerbations of hepatitis B have been reported in patients infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) who discontinued products containing FTC and/or TDF and may occur with discontinuation of DESCOVY. Closely monitor hepatic function with both clinical and laboratory follow-up for at least several months in patients with HBV who discontinue DESCOVY. If appropriate, anti-hepatitis B therapy may be warranted

Contraindication
DESCOVY FOR PrEP is contraindicated in patients with unknown or positive HIV status

Warnings and precautions

  • Comprehensive management to reduce risks:
    • Use DESCOVY FOR PrEP to reduce the risk of HIV-1 infection as part of a comprehensive strategy that includes adherence to daily dosing and safer sex practices, including condoms, to reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
    • HIV-1 risk factors: Behavioral, biological, or epidemiologic HIV-1 risk factors may include, but are not limited to: condomless sex, past or current STIs, self-identified HIV risk, having sexual partners of unknown HIV-1 viremic status, or sexual activity in a high-prevalence area or network
    • Reduce STI risk: Counsel on the use of STI prevention measures (e.g., consistent and correct condom use, knowledge of partner’s HIV-1 viremic status, regular testing for STIs).
    • Reduce potential for drug resistance: Only prescribe DESCOVY FOR PrEP to patients confirmed to be HIV negative immediately prior to initiation, at least every 3 months while taking DESCOVY, and upon an STI diagnosis. HIV-1 resistance substitutions may emerge in patients with undetected HIV-1 infection who are taking only DESCOVY because DESCOVY alone is not a complete regimen for treating HIV-1
    • Some HIV tests may not detect acute HIV infection. Prior to initiating DESCOVY FOR PrEP, ask patients about potential recent exposure events. If recent (<1 month) exposures are reported or suspected, or symptoms of acute HIV infection (e.g., fever, fatigue, myalgia, skin rash) are present, confirm HIV-negative status with a test approved by the FDA for use in the diagnosis of acute HIV infection
    • If HIV-1 infection is suspected or if symptoms of acute infection are present while taking DESCOVY FOR PrEP, convert the DESCOVY FOR PrEP regimen to a complete HIV treatment regimen until HIV-negative status is confirmed by a test approved by the FDA for use in the diagnosis of acute HIV infection
    • Counsel on adherence: Counsel patients to strictly adhere to daily dosing, as efficacy is strongly correlated with adherence. Some patients, such as adolescents, may benefit from more frequent visits and counseling
  • New onset or worsening renal impairment: Cases of acute renal failure and Fanconi syndrome have been reported with the use of tenofovir prodrugs. Do not initiate DESCOVY in patients with estimated creatinine clearance (CrCl) <30 mL/min. Patients with impaired renal function and/or taking nephrotoxic agents (including NSAIDs) are at increased risk of renal-related adverse reactions. Discontinue DESCOVY in patients who develop clinically significant decreases in renal function or evidence of Fanconi syndrome. Monitor renal function in all patients (see Dosage and Administration section)
  • Lactic acidosis and severe hepatomegaly with steatosis: Fatal cases have been reported with the use of nucleoside analogs, including FTC and TDF. Discontinue use if clinical or laboratory findings suggestive of lactic acidosis or pronounced hepatotoxicity develop, including hepatomegaly and steatosis in the absence of marked transaminase elevations

Adverse reactions

  • Most common adverse reactions (≥2%) in the DESCOVY FOR PrEP clinical trial were diarrhea, nausea, headache, fatigue, and abdominal pain

Drug interactions

  • Prescribing information: Consult the full Prescribing Information for DESCOVY for more information, warnings, and potentially significant drug interactions, including clinical comments
  • Metabolism: Drugs that inhibit P-gp can increase the concentrations of tenofovir alafenamide (TAF), a component of DESCOVY. Drugs that induce P-gp can decrease the concentrations of TAF, which may lead to loss of efficacy
  • Drugs affecting renal function: Coadministration of DESCOVY with drugs that reduce renal function or compete for active tubular secretion may increase concentrations of FTC and tenofovir and the risk of adverse reactions

Dosage and administration

  • Dosage: One tablet taken once daily with or without food
  • HIV screening: Test for HIV-1 infection immediately prior to initiating, at least every 3 months during use, and upon diagnosis of an STI (see Warnings and Precautions section)
  • HBV screening: Test for HBV infection prior to or when initiating DESCOVY
  • Renal impairment and monitoring: Not recommended in patients with creatinine clearance (CrCl) <30 mL/min. Prior to or when initiating DESCOVY, and during use on a clinically appropriate schedule, assess serum creatinine, CrCl, urine glucose, and urine protein in all patients. In patients with chronic kidney disease, assess serum phosphorus
U.S. Indication for Truvada for PrEP®

TRUVADA FOR PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) is indicated to reduce the risk of sexually acquired HIV-1 in adults and adolescents (≥35 kg) who are at risk for HIV. HIV-1–negative status must be confirmed immediately prior to initiation

U.S. Important Safety Information for Truvada for PrEP®
BOXED WARNING: RISK OF DRUG RESISTANCE WITH USE OF TRUVADA FOR PrEP IN UNDIAGNOSED EARLY HIV-1 INFECTION and POST TREATMENT ACUTE EXACERBATION OF HEPATITIS B

  • TRUVADA FOR PrEP must be prescribed only to patients confirmed to be HIV negative immediately prior to initiation and at least every 3 months during use. Drug-resistant HIV-1 variants have been identified with use of TRUVADA FOR PrEP following undetected acute HIV-1 infection. Do not initiate if signs or symptoms of acute HIV-1 infection are present unless HIV-negative status is confirmed
  • Severe acute exacerbations of hepatitis B virus (HBV) have been reported in patients who have HBV infection and discontinued TRUVADA. Hepatic function should be monitored closely with both clinical and laboratory follow-up for at least several months in patients with HBV after discontinuing TRUVADA. If appropriate, initiation of anti-hepatitis B therapy may be warranted

Contraindication

  • TRUVADA FOR PrEP is contraindicated in patients with unknown or positive HIV status

Warnings and precautions

  • Comprehensive management to reduce risks:
    • Use TRUVADA FOR PrEP to reduce the risk of HIV-1 infection as part of a comprehensive strategy that includes adherence to daily dosing and safer sex practices, including condoms, to reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
    • HIV-1 risk factors: Behavioral, biological, or epidemiologic HIV-1 risk factors may include, but are not limited to condomless sex, past or current STIs, self-identified HIV risk, having sexual partners of unknown HIV-1 viremic status, or sexual activity in a high-prevalence area or network
    • Reduce STI risk: Counsel on the use of STI prevention measures (e.g., consistent and correct condom use, knowledge of partner’s HIV-1 status, including viremic status, regular testing for STIs)
    • Reduce potential for drug resistance: Only prescribe TRUVADA FOR PrEP to patients confirmed to be HIV negative immediately prior to initiation, at least every 3 months while taking TRUVADA, and upon an STI diagnosis. HIV-1 resistance substitutions may emerge in patients with undetected HIV-1 infection who are taking only TRUVADA because TRUVADA alone is not a complete regimen for treating HIV-1
    • Some HIV tests may not detect acute HIV infection. Prior to initiating TRUVADA FOR PrEP, ask patients about potential recent exposure events. If recent (<1 month) exposures are reported or suspected, or symptoms of acute HIV infection (e.g., fever, fatigue, myalgia, skin rash) are present, confirm HIV-negative status with a test approved by the FDA for use in the diagnosis of acute HIV infection
    • If HIV-1 infection is suspected or if symptoms of acute infection are present while taking TRUVADA FOR PrEP, convert the TRUVADA FOR PrEP regimen to a complete HIV treatment regimen until HIV-negative status is confirmed by a test approved by the FDA for use in the diagnosis of acute HIV infection
    • Counsel on adherence: Counsel patients to strictly adhere to daily dosing, as efficacy is strongly correlated with adherence. Some patients, such as adolescents, may benefit from more frequent visits and counseling

Warnings and precautions

  • New onset or worsening renal impairment: Cases of acute renal impairment and Fanconi syndrome have been reported with the use of TDF. TRUVADA is not recommended in patients with estimated creatinine clearance (CrCl) <60 mL/min. Avoid concurrent or recent use with a nephrotoxic agent. Acute renal failure has been reported after initiation of high-dose or multiple NSAIDs in patients at risk for renal dysfunction; consider alternatives to NSAIDs in these patients. Monitor renal function in all patients (see Dosage and Administration section)
    • Bone effects: Decreases in bone mineral density (BMD) and mineralization defects, including osteomalacia associated with proximal renal tubulopathy, have been reported with the use of TDF. Consider monitoring BMD in patients with a history of pathologic fracture or risk factors for bone loss
    • Lactic acidosis and severe hepatomegaly with steatosis: Fatal cases have been reported with the use of nucleoside analogs, including TRUVADA. Discontinue use if clinical or laboratory findings suggestive of lactic acidosis or pronounced hepatotoxicity develop, including hepatomegaly and steatosis in the absence of marked transaminase elevations
    • Drug interactions: See Drug Interactions section. Consider the potential for drug interactions prior to and during use of TRUVADA, and monitor for adverse reactions

Adverse reactions

  • Common adverse reactions (>2% and more frequently than placebo) of TRUVADA FOR PrEP in clinical trials were headache, abdominal pain, and weight loss

Drug interactions

  • Prescribing information: Consult the full Prescribing Information for TRUVADA for more information, warnings, and potentially significant drug interactions, including clinical comments
  • Hepatitis C antivirals: Coadministration with ledipasvir/sofosbuvir, sofosbuvir/velpatasvir, or sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir increases TDF exposure; monitor for adverse reactions
  • Drugs affecting renal function: Coadministration of TRUVADA with drugs that reduce renal function or compete for active tubular secretion may increase concentrations of emtricitabine and/or tenofovir

Pregnancy and lactation

  • Pregnancy: An Antiretroviral Pregnancy Registry (APR) has been established. Available data from observational studies and the APR show no significant difference in the rate of major birth defects for TRUVADA compared with a US reference population. Consider HIV prevention methods, including TRUVADA FOR PrEP in women due to the potential increased risk of HIV-1 infection during pregnancy and mother-to-child transmission during acute HIV-1 infection
  • Lactation: Emtricitabine and tenofovir have been detected in human milk. Evaluate the benefits and risks of TRUVADA FOR PrEP in breastfeeding women, including the risk of HIV-1 acquisition due to nonadherence, and subsequent mother to child transmission. Health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with potential adverse effects of TRUVADA on the child, which are unknown

Dosage and administration

  • Dosage: One tablet, once daily, with or without food
  • HIV screening: Test for HIV-1 infection prior to initiating and at least every 3 months during treatment
  • HBV screening: Test for HBV infection prior to or when initiating treatment
  • Renal impairment and monitoring: Not recommended in patients with CrCl <60 mL/min. Prior to or when initiating TRUVADA, and during use on a clinically appropriate schedule, assess serum creatinine, CrCl, urine glucose, and urine protein in all patients. In patients with chronic kidney disease, assess serum phosphorus

About Gilead Sciences
Gilead Sciences, Inc. is a research-based biopharmaceutical company that discovers, develops and commercializes innovative medicines in areas of unmet medical need. The company strives to transform and simplify care for people with life-threatening illnesses around the world. Gilead has operations in more than 35 countries worldwide, with headquarters in Foster City, California.

For more than 30 years, Gilead has been a leading innovator in the field of HIV, driving advances in treatment, prevention, testing and linkage to care, and cure research. Today, it’s estimated that more than 12 million people living with HIV globally receive antiretroviral therapy provided by Gilead or one of the company’s manufacturing partners.

Gilead is committed to supporting the global health community to quickly and effectively respond to serious and life-threatening viral outbreaks worldwide. To that end, we are contributing our antiviral expertise and resources to help investigate potential treatments for patients with COVID-19. For more information on Gilead’s response to the coronavirus outbreak please visit the company’s dedicated page: https://www.gilead.com/purpose/advancing-global-health/covid-19.

Forward-Looking Statement
This press release includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, including the possibility of unfavorable results from ongoing and additional clinical trials involving Biktarvy, Descovy for PrEP, Truvada for PrEP and Veklury (remdesivir), and the possibility that we are unable to complete one or more of such trials in the currently anticipated timelines or at all. Further, it is possible that Gilead may make a strategic decision to discontinue development of Veklury or that FDA and other regulatory agencies may not approve Veklury, and any marketing approvals, if granted, may have significant limitations on its use. As a result, Veklury may never be successfully commercialized. All statements other than statements of historical fact are statements that could be deemed forward-looking statements. These risks, uncertainties and other factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those referred to in the forward-looking statements. The reader is cautioned not to rely on these forward-looking statements. These and other risks are described in detail in Gilead’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2020, as filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. All forward-looking statements are based on information currently available to Gilead, and Gilead assumes no obligation to update any such forward-looking statements.

U.S. full Prescribing Information for Descovy and Truvada, including BOXED WARNINGS, is available at www.gilead.com.

Descovy, Descovy for PrEP, Truvada, Truvada for PrEP and Gilead and the Gilead logo are trademarks of Gilead Sciences, Inc. or its related companies